Monday, February 14, 2011

SUNSTORMS dan 2012-2014, dan dampaknya?

Bumi sudah pernah terkena sun storm sebelumnya, dan katanya ada prediksi siklusnya
di tahun 2012-2013-2014?

lihat data berikut untuk melihatnya dan dampak apakah yang akan terjadi dari peristiwa yang telah terjadi (^_^)

Luiza Becari

Luiza Becari is a freelance writer and humanitarian residing in Brazil.

In 1989, a large Sun Storm caused a massive blackout in the province of Quebec, Canada. It almost did the same on the East Coast of the United States. Most people have never heard of a Sun Storm, orGeomagnetic Storm. In fact, sun storms would remain largely unknown if their effects on our planet were not so devastating.

Sun Storms are caused by changes in the space weather, which also cause ionospheric storms, bombardments of the Earth by charged particles and dramatic increases in dangerous radiation such as X-rays, gamma rays and more. Since the power outages of 1989, virtually every power plant, computer company and other service that is vulnerable to radiation interference, has been trying to find a way to avoid sun storm damage. Their success or failure could mean the safeguarding of millions-- or billions-- of dollars in damaged equipment and lost revenues.

According to Richard Thompson, at the IPS Radio and Space Services in Australia, these sun storms cause such extensive damage because of "the surges of electric current they induce in long conductors, such as power lines and pipelines".

A geomagnetic storm is the result of constant explosions on the searing surface of the Sun. These explosions throw off an incredible amount of highly energetic particles, which stream into space at velocities of thousands of miles an hour. When these particles happen to hit our atmosphere, the consequences may be drastic.

Unseen to the naked eye, these highly charged particles can cause any number of harmful consequences:

  • When hitting our atmosphere, charged particles can imperil astronauts, push satellites out of their orbits or simply destroy their circuitry.

  • If they hit the ground, they can confuse compasses, knock out power systems, cause massive blackouts.

  • Charged particles can interrupt HF radio transmissions and interfere with navigation systems and the GPS (Global Positioning System), used by many commercial airlines, which may report false locations by up to tens of meters.

Cycles of Nature

The Sun has periodic cycles of heightened activity. This is known as the "eleven year cycle." The 1989 storm happened during the last "solar maximum" (the strongest part of the eleven year cycle) and its effects were felt all over the world. The next peak is scheduled for the years 2000/2002 and it is expected to cause even more damages than the 1989 storm.

Being prepared is the best way to avoid the effects of a Sun storm. The Space Program, for example, has to schedule its activities in a way to protect astronauts and safeguard spacecraft. Power companies, predicting a sun storm allows them to prepare their grids to stand the great interference caused by ionized particles coming from the Sun and to anticipate interruptions or even a total energy blackouts.

Scientist have been working hard to find a predict and detect solar storms as soon as they start on their way to Earth. Unfortunately, forecasting these storms is not as simple as predicting the weather here on Earth. Forecasts for most Geomagnetic storm can only be made in very short advance. There is usually only "2 to 4 days warning, as the material moves outward from the Sun," says Richard Thompson. Although the possibility of a storm coming may be seen days in advance, the most reliable and precise forecasts can be given only about one hour before the storm hits. These immediate forecasts can be derived thanks to the solar wind information scientists only recently started receiving from the ACE spacecraft. The latest monitoring spacecraft is positioned between the Earth and the Sun (but much closer to Earth). Unfortunately, such a short notice does not give much time for concerned parties to get prepared.

Because sun storm detection is so vital, scientists keep their eyes on the skies day and night, monitoring the Sun 24 hours a day, seven days a week. Some scientists have recently proposed amathematical model that involves the rate of planetary axial revolution and the corresponding rates of revolution of solar currents at various latitudes. There is some suggestion that this theory can predict past solar storms, as well as future solar activity. Until this theory is confirmed and accepted by the scientific community, constant vigilance is the only reliable system for warning of these dangerous storms.

Just In Time?

The Cassini probe (see
Cassini: A Poisonous Package in Viewzone archives) is scheduled to return to Earth's atmosphere on August, 16, 1999. This date coincides with the beginning of the next Solar Maximum. The probability of Sun storms will be the greatest since the last peak in 1989, when the blackout in Quebec occurred. What does this mean? Besides the expected risks NASA took in launching its probe, filled with about 72 pounds of radioactive fuel, there is also the possibility of the probe suffering interference from geomagnetic storms and other effects derived from solar flares. A very unique alignment of the planets, called The Grand Cross, will also coincide with Cassini's return. Opinions on whether and how an accident with the probe and its poisonous contents would affect our planet diverge radically. But even those who dismiss any possibility of contamination admit there's a chance Cassini will break up if its "sling-shot" rendezvous is altered. The extent and gravity of the damages will only be completely understood when and if the accident happens. Unfortunately, it may be too late.

The Mysterious Ica Stones

The Mysterious Ica Stones

Do these strange artifacts challenge modern paleontology?

By , Guide

Man riding pterodactyl

This etching on one of the stones seems to show a man riding a pterodactyl.

~ Dan Eden, Viewzone
THERE ARE EXPLORERS who believe in the possibility that some dinosaurs somehow survived extinction 60 million years ago and continue to live in isolated, largely unexplored areas of African rain forest. The only evidence for their existence, however, are stories told by natives of the region who claim to have seen such fantastic creatures. Perhaps new expeditions to these remote areas will someday find better, harder evidence, if there's any to be found.

But what if there were already better evidence that at least some dinosaurs had survived long enough to coexist with humans? Evidence better than just stories. What if early humans had actually etched pictures of dinosaurs on rock faces. That would constitute pretty good proof, wouldn't it?

Such rocks exist. Known collectively as the Ica Stones (they are found in Ica, Peru), these rocks, varying in size from that of a baseball to twice that of a basketball, are hand-etched with pictures of primitive fish, dinosaurs and Indians using what appear to be tools of advanced technology. The problem is, the age of these rocks cannot be verified. But they are intriguing, and they have delighted tourists and mystified researchers for decades.

Where Did They Come From?

The Ica Stones first came to the attention of the scientific community in 1966 when Dr. Javier Cabrera, a local physician, received a small, carved rock for his birthday from a poor native. The carving on the rock looked ancient to Dr. Cabrera, but intrigued him because it seemed to depict a primitive fish. Hearing that the doctor was interested in the stone, local natives began to bring him more, which they collected from a river bank (not far from the famous Nazca lines). This soon developed into a vast collection of more than 15,000 stones, many etched with impossible scenes. Whereas it might be difficult to prove that the fish represented a long-extinct species, as Dr. Cabrera thought, other scenes carved on other stones are not so ambiguous. They clearly depict such dinosaurs as triceratops, stegosaurus, apatosaurus and human figures riding on the backs of flying pterodactyls. What's more, some of the scenes are of men hunting and killing dinosaurs. Others show men watching the heavens through what look like telescopes, performing open-heart surgery and cesarean section births.

How could this be? Modern man is only about 2 million years old and dinosaurs are thought to have become extinct about 60 million years ago. There are three possibilities:

  • a human civilization existed during the age of the dinosaurs
  • dinosaurs survived to coexist with man
  • the stones are an elaborate hoax.

The stones themselves are composed of andesite, a very hard mineral that would make etching quite difficult with primitive tools. They are covered with a natural varnish that is created by bacteria over thousands of years. The etching is made by scraping away this dark varnish to reveal the lighter mineral beneath. According to some reports, examinations of the stones show that the grooves of the etchings also bear traces of additional varnish, however, indicating that they are very old.

Ica natives had been selling such stones to the tourist trade. In fact, when one man was arrested for selling them (if the stones are genuine artifacts, they would be the property of the government and therefore illegal to sell), he confessed to carving the images himself. Those who believe the carvings are authentic suspect that the confession was made to avoid jail. Yet natives of the area can be seen today making etchings on stones in the style of the Ica Stones to sell to tourists. But the distinction between their product and the "genuine" stones is that the newly etched stones clearly scrape away all of the varnish.

Next page > Authentic or Hoax?

The 10 Most Puzzling Ancient Artifacts

The 10 Most Puzzling Ancient Artifacts

By , Guide

The Bible tells us that God created Adam and Eve just a few thousand years ago, by some fundamentalist interpretations. Science informs us that this is mere fiction and that man is a few million years old, and that civilization just tens of thousands of years old. Could it be, however, that conventional science is just as mistaken as the Bible stories? There is a great deal of archeological evidence that the history of life on earth might be far different than what current geological and anthropological texts tell us. Consider these astonishing finds:

Images 1-10 of 10

The Grooved SpheresThe Dropa StonesThe Ica StonesThe Antikythera Mechanism
The Baghdad BatteryThe Coso ArtifactAncient Model AircraftGiant Stone Balls of Costa Rica
Impossible FossilsOut-of-Place Metal Objects